Functional cross-talk between nuclear receptor LRH-1 and androgen receptor signaling in prostate cancer
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


摘要Liver Receptor Homolog 1 (LRH-1, NR5A2) is an orphan nuclear receptor that is over-expressed in cancers in tissues such as the breast, colon and pancreas. In prostate cancer, LRH-1 is reported as a potent transcription factor to facilitate formation of CRPC (castration-resistant prostate cancer cells) which is resistant to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). However, it is still elusive how LRH-1 response to ADT and facilitate the growth of CRPC.
After deprivation of androgen in mouse prostate cancer xenograft model, LRH-1 mRNA was upregulated dramatically at a very low androgen level. After CRPC formation, LRH-1 mRNA was downregulated when androgen level recovered. KLK3/PSA is an important downstream target of activated AR (Androgen receptor), whose expression level at 4 days after castration is downregulated, while upregulated after relapse. Since PSA level/AR signaling activity showed an opposite expression pattern to LRH-1, we hypothesized that LRH-1 was suppressed by androgen in a negative-feedback manner. With androgen treatment of an androgen sensitive prostate cancer cell line LNCaP, LRH-1 was downregulated in both dose- and time-dependent manner, while PSA shows an opposite expression pattern. And knocking down of AR blocked the suppression of androgen on LRH-1, indicating that androgen suppresses LRH-1 through AR. Furthermore, AR antagonist Enzalutamide can block the binding of androgen to AR thus upregulate LRH-1. According to ChIP-seq data, AR binds to LRH-1 promoter and enhancer,and the binding intensity increased with androgen treatment. Through ChIP-qPCR, several binding sites of AR on LRH-1 promoter and enhancer were validated. The transcription activity of luciferase reporter with these AR binding sites was also suppressed by treatment of androgen. In the future work, to find out the epigenetics modifiers in the AR complexes when suppressing LRH-1 will be critical to understand the detailed mechanism.
著者Wenxing YOU, Yuliang WANG, Leung CHAN
會議名稱Annual Meeting of American Association for Cancer Research 2018

上次更新時間 2018-18-05 於 15:55