Staging nodal metastases in nasopharyngeal carcinoma: which method should be used to measure nodal dimension on MRI?
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To investigate four methods to measure the maximum dimension (MD) of metastatic neck nodes and correlate with clinical outcome in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
Materials and methods:
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of 712 NPC patients were analysed. MD measurements using methods 1, 2, 3, and 4 were obtained from a single node in the axial plane; a single node in the axial/coronal plane; a single and/or confluent nodes in the axial/coronal plane; and a single and/or confluent and/or contiguous nodes in the axial/coronal plane, respectively. MDs obtained from the four methods were correlated with nodal volume (NV) using Pearson's correlation test. MDs obtained from the four methods, T and N stages, age, gender, and treatment were correlated with overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), distant metastases free survival (DMFS), and regional relapse-free survival (RRFS) using cox regression.
Method 4 (R: 0.84) had the strongest correlation with NV followed by method 3 (R: 0.77), method 2 (R: 0.70) and method 1(R: 0.69). Method 4 was the only independent nodal measurement of OS, DSS, and DMFS (p-values = 0.008, <0.001 and <0.001, respectively). None of the MD methods was an independent measurement of RRFS.
The best method to obtain the MD for staging incorporates not only single and confluent, but also contiguous metastatic nodes measured in the plane with the MD.
Acceptance Date14/12/2017
All Author(s) ListQ.-Y. Ai, A.D. King, F.K.F. Mo, B.K.H. Law, K.S. Bhatia, D.M.C. Poon, M.K.M. Kam, B.B. Ma
Journal nameClinical Radiology
Volume Number73
Issue Number7
Place of PublicationUK
Pages640 - 646
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsNasopharyngeal carcinoma

Last updated on 2021-13-10 at 23:40