Sophora flavescens protects against mycobacterial Trehalose Dimycolate-induced lung granuloma by inhibiting
inflammation and infiltration of macrophages
Publication in refereed journal

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摘要The immune system responds to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection by forming granulomas to quarantine the bacteria from spreading. Granuloma-mediated inflammation is a cause of lung destruction and disease transmission. Sophora flavescens (SF) has been demonstrated to exhibit bactericidal activities against MTB. However, its immune modulatory activities on MTB-mediated granulomatous inflammation have not been reported. In the present study, we found that flavonoids from Sophora flavescens (FSF) significantly suppressed the pro-inflammatory mediators released from mouse lung alveolar macrophages (MH-S) upon stimulation by trehalose dimycolate (TDM), the most abundant lipoglycan on MTB surface. Moreover, FSF reduced adhesion molecule (LFA-1) expression on MH-S cells after TDM stimulation. Furthermore, FSF treatment on TDM-activated lung epithelial (MLE-12) cells significantly downregulated macrophage chemoattractant protein (MCP-1/CCL2) expression, which in turn reduced the in vitro migration of MH-S to MLE-12 cells. In addition, FSF increased the clearance of mycobacterium bacteria (Mycobacterium aurum) in macrophages. FSF mainly affected the Mincle-Syk-Erk signaling pathway in TDM-activated MH-S cells. In TDM-induced mouse granulomas model, oral administration with FSF significantly suppressed lung granulomas formation and inflammation. These findings collectively implicated an anti-inflammatory role of FSF on MTB-mediated granulomatous inflammation, thereby providing evidence of FSF as an efficacious adjunct treatment during mycobacterial infection.
出版社接受日期21.02.2018
著者Dehua Liu, Ben Chung-Lap Chan, Ling Cheng, Miranda Sin-Man Tsang, Jing Zhu, Chun-Wai Wong, Delong Jiao, Helen Yau-Tsz Chan, Ping Chung Leung, Christopher Wai-Kei Lam, Chun Kwok Wong
期刊名稱Scientific Reports
出版年份2018
月份3
日期2
卷號8
出版社Nature Publising Group
頁次3903
國際標準期刊號2045-2322
電子國際標準期刊號2045-2322
語言美式英語

上次更新時間 2020-10-10 於 01:07