Transient Variations in Glacial Mass Near Upernavik Isstrøm (West Greenland) Detected by the Combined Use of GPS and GRACE Data
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AbstractThe continuously operating Global Positioning System (GPS) sites mounted on bedrock around the coast of Greenland provide important geodetic data sets to quantify the solid Earth's response to historical and present-day ice mass variations. However, the presence of colored noise and irregular seasonal signals makes it difficult to detect transient changes in GPS time series. Here we apply the multichannel singular spectral analysis to the combination of GPS data and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) data so that we can identify and fully utilize the spatial correlations from these two independent data sets. Using the GPS and GRACE data near Upernavik Isstrøm in West Greenland as an example, we demonstrate that this method successfully detects two transient signals in ice mass variations during 2008 and 2014. Our forward modeling of loading displacements due to changes in surface mass balance (SMB) and ice dynamics suggests that the transient change starting in mid-2008 was due to the combined contributions from dynamically induced mass loss and SMB. The transient change starting in mid-2011 was mainly due to ablation. Specifically, the ice melted more in 2012 and less in 2013 with little contribution from anomalies in accumulation.
All Author(s) ListZhang B, Liu L, Khan SA, van Dam T, Zhang EZ, Yao YB
Journal nameJournal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Year2017
Month12
Volume Number122
Issue Number12
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Pages10626 - 10642
ISSN2169-9313
eISSN2169-9356
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsGreenland,ice mass balance,GPS,GRACE,crustal deformation,transient changes
Web of Science Subject CategoriesGeochemistry & Geophysics;Geochemistry & Geophysics

Last updated on 2020-14-07 at 01:20