3D Chromatin Architecture of Large Plant Genomes Determined by Local A/B Compartments
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AbstractThe spatial organization of the genome plays an important role in the regulation of gene expression. However, the core structural features of animal genomes, such as topologically associated domains (TADs) and chromatin loops, are not prominent in the extremely compact Arabidopsis genome. In this study, we examine the chromatin architecture, as well as their DNA methylation, histone modifications, accessible chromatin, and gene expression, of maize, tomato, sorghum, foxtail millet, and rice with genome sizes ranging from 0.4 to 2.4 Gb. We found that these plant genomes can be divided into mammalian-like A/B compartments. At higher resolution, the chromosomes of these plants can be further partitioned to local A/B compartments that reflect their euchromatin, heterochromatin, and polycomb status. Chromatins in all these plants are organized into domains that are not conserved across species. They show similarity to the Drosophila compartment domains, and are clustered into active, polycomb, repressive, and intermediate types based on their transcriptional activities and epigenetic signatures, with domain border overlaps with the local A/B compartment junctions. In the large maize and tomato genomes, we observed extensive chromatin loops. However, unlike the mammalian chromatin loops that are enriched at the TAD border, plant chromatin loops are often formed between gene islands outside the repressive domains and are closely associated with active compartments. Our study indicates that plants have complex and unique 3D chromatin architectures, which require further study to elucidate their biological functions.
All Author(s) ListDong PF, Tu XY, Chu PY, Lu PT, Zhu N, Grierson D, Du BJ, Li PH, Zhong SL
Journal nameMolecular Plant
Volume Number10
Issue Number12
Pages1497 - 1509
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsHi-C,chromatin loop,compartment domain,local compartment
Web of Science Subject CategoriesBiochemistry & Molecular Biology;Plant Sciences;Biochemistry & Molecular Biology;Plant Sciences

Last updated on 2020-21-10 at 01:26