An observational follow-up study on pelvic floor disorders to 3–5 years after delivery
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Introduction and hypothesis
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI), fecal incontinence (FI), and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) 3–5 years after the first pregnancy and their associated risk factors.
We assessed 506 women using the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) and the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ). Maternal characteristics and obstetric data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, independent sample t test, chi-squared test, and logistic regression.
The prevalence of UI, FI, and POP, respectively, at a mean of 43 months after first delivery was 40.8, 6.6, and 10.2% following vaginal delivery (VD) and 22.7, 4.5, and 4.5% following cesarean section (CS). Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) was reported by more women following VD than CS (38.7 vs 22.4%, P = 0.010). Compared with 8 weeks’ postpartum, more women reported SUI at this later follow-up visit (40.1 vs 19.5%, P < 0.001), but fewer reported FI. More women who had an instrumental delivery reported symptoms of POP compared with those who had a normal VD. Higher body weight and weight gain from first trimester were risk factors of SUI [odds ratio (OR) 1.03] and urge urinary incontinence (UUI) (OR 1.18), respectively. Women who delivered vaginally had higher PFDI subscales scores.
VD increased UI risk. Higher body weight and weight gain from first trimester were risk factors for SUI and UUI, respectively. More women reported symptoms of POP following an instrumental delivery than those who had a normal VD.
著者Ng Karen, Cheung Rachel Yau Kar, Lee Lai Loi, Chung Tony Kwok Hung, Chan Symphorosa Shing Chee
期刊名稱International Urogynecology Journal
出版社Springer London Ltd
頁次1393 - 1399
關鍵詞Fecal incontinence, Mode of delivery, Pelvic organ prolapse, Pregnancy, Stress urinary incontinence, Urinary incontinence

上次更新時間 2020-14-07 於 00:21