An observational follow-up study on pelvic floor disorders to 3–5 years after delivery
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AbstractIntroduction and hypothesis
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI), fecal incontinence (FI), and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) 3–5 years after the first pregnancy and their associated risk factors.
Methods
We assessed 506 women using the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) and the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ). Maternal characteristics and obstetric data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, independent sample t test, chi-squared test, and logistic regression.
Results
The prevalence of UI, FI, and POP, respectively, at a mean of 43 months after first delivery was 40.8, 6.6, and 10.2% following vaginal delivery (VD) and 22.7, 4.5, and 4.5% following cesarean section (CS). Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) was reported by more women following VD than CS (38.7 vs 22.4%, P = 0.010). Compared with 8 weeks’ postpartum, more women reported SUI at this later follow-up visit (40.1 vs 19.5%, P < 0.001), but fewer reported FI. More women who had an instrumental delivery reported symptoms of POP compared with those who had a normal VD. Higher body weight and weight gain from first trimester were risk factors of SUI [odds ratio (OR) 1.03] and urge urinary incontinence (UUI) (OR 1.18), respectively. Women who delivered vaginally had higher PFDI subscales scores.
Conclusions
VD increased UI risk. Higher body weight and weight gain from first trimester were risk factors for SUI and UUI, respectively. More women reported symptoms of POP following an instrumental delivery than those who had a normal VD.
Acceptance Date19/01/2017
All Author(s) ListNg Karen, Cheung Rachel Yau Kar, Lee Lai Loi, Chung Tony Kwok Hung, Chan Symphorosa Shing Chee
Journal nameInternational Urogynecology Journal
Year2017
Month9
Volume Number28
Issue Number9
PublisherSpringer London Ltd
Place of PublicationLondon
Pages1393 - 1399
ISSN0937-3462
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsFecal incontinence, Mode of delivery, Pelvic organ prolapse, Pregnancy, Stress urinary incontinence, Urinary incontinence

Last updated on 2020-02-06 at 00:01