Parallel femtosecond laser light sheet micro-manufacturing based on temporal focusing
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AbstractWe present a parallel depth resolved laser fabrication technique for micro- and nano-machining metal substrates based on temporal focusing. In this system, the spectrum of a femtosecond laser pulse is first spatially separated by a digital micromirror device, which simultaneously serves as a diffraction grating and a programmable binary mask. After collimation and beam flattening, an objective lens recombines the spectrum to the focal region, forming a high-intensity, depth resolved light sheet for laser micromachining. The light sheet technology enables parallel fabrication of highly uniform micro-structures of close to diffraction-limited resolution. Experimental results demonstrate high-resolution (~800 nm) direct area patterning on various metal substrates, e.g., nickel and copper, over an area of ~100 × 60 µm2 within tens of laser pulses. The relationship among material removal rate, surface flatness, laser power, and number of pulses have been experimentally studied; the results suggest the application of higher power with fewer number of laser pulses produce microstructures of better surface quality. The light sheet technology substantially improves the throughput of ultrafast laser machining, enabling direct area patterning without compromising the resolution.
Acceptance Date05/05/2017
All Author(s) ListChenglin Gu, Dapeng Zhang, Dien Wang, Yeung Yam, Chunqiang Li, Shih-Chi Chen
Journal namePrecision Engineering
Volume Number50
Place of PublicationUSA
Pages198 - 203
LanguagesEnglish-United States

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