Hollow‐Structured Graphene–Silicone‐Composite‐Based Piezoresistive Sensors: Decoupled Property Tuning and Bending Reliability
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AbstractA versatile flexible piezoresistive sensor should maintain high sensitivity in a wide linear range, and provide a stable and repeatable pressure reading under bending. These properties are often difficult to achieve simultaneously with conventional filler–matrix composite active materials, as tuning of one material component often results in change of multiple sensor properties. Here, a material strategy is developed to realize a 3D graphene–poly(dimethylsiloxane) hollow structure, where the electrical conductivity and mechanical elasticity of the composite can be tuned separately by varying the graphene layer number and the poly(dimethylsiloxane) composition ratio, respectively. As a result, the sensor sensitivity and linear range can be easily improved through a decoupled tuning process, reaching a sensitivity of 15.9 kPa−1 in a 60 kPa linear region, and the sensor also exhibits fast response (1.2 ms rising time) and high stability. Furthermore, by optimizing the density of the graphene percolation network and thickness of the composite, the stability and repeatability of the sensor output under bending are improved, achieving a measurement error below 6% under bending radius variations from −25 to +25 mm. Finally, the potential applications of these sensors in wearable medical devices and robotic vision are explored.
Acceptance Date04/07/2017
All Author(s) ListNingqi Luo, Yan Huang, Jing Liu, Shih-Chi Chen, Ching Ping Wong, Ni Zhao
Journal nameAdvanced Materials
Volume Number29
Issue Number40
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2020-29-10 at 01:58