A Combination of Boron Nitride Nanotubes and Cellulose Nanofibers for the Preparation of a Nanocomposite with High Thermal Conductivity
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AbstractWith the current development of modern electronics toward miniaturization, high-degree integration and multifunctionalization, considerable heat is accumulated, which results in the thermal failure or even explosion of modern electronics. The thermal conductivity of materials has thus attracted much attention in modern electronics. Although polymer composites with enhanced thermal conductivity are expected to address this issue, achieving higher thermal conductivity (above 10 W m–1 K–1) at filler loadings below 50.0 wt % remains challenging. Here, we report a nanocomposite consisting of boron nitride nanotubes and cellulose nanofibers that exhibits high thermal conductivity (21.39 W m–1 K–1) at 25.0 wt % boron nitride nanotubes. Such high thermal conductivity is attributed to the high intrinsic thermal conductivity of boron nitride nanotubes and cellulose nanofibers, the one-dimensional structure of boron nitride nanotubes, and the reduced interfacial thermal resistance due to the strong interaction between the boron nitride nanotubes and cellulose nanofibers. Using the as-prepared nanocomposite as a flexible printed circuit board, we demonstrate its potential usefulness in electronic device-cooling applications. This thermally conductive nanocomposite has promising applications in thermal interface materials, printed circuit boards or organic substrates in electronics and could supplement conventional polymer-based materials.
All Author(s) ListXiaoliang Zeng, Jiajia Sun, Yimin Yao, Rong Sun, Jian-Bin Xu, Ching-Ping Wong
Journal nameACS Nano
Year2017
Month5
Day23
Volume Number11
Issue Number5
Pages5167 - 5178
ISSN1936-0851
eISSN1936-086X
LanguagesEnglish-United States
Keywordsboron nitride nanotubes, cellulose nanofibers, interfacial thermal resistance, nanocomposites, thermal conductivity

Last updated on 2020-14-07 at 00:36