What Is the Actual 3D Representation of the Rib Vertebra Angle Difference (Mehta Angle)?
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AbstractStudy Design. Cross-sectional study.

Objective. To establish the relevance of the conventional two-dimensional (2D) rib vertebra angle difference (RVAD) and the relationship with the complex three-dimensional (3D) apical morphology in scoliosis.

Summary of Background Data. The RVAD, also known as Mehta angle, describes apical rib asymmetry on conventional radiographs and was introduced as a prognostic factor for curve severity in early onset scoliosis, and later applied to other types of scoliosis as well.

Methods. An existing idiopathic scoliosis database of high-resolution computed tomography scans used in previous work, acquired for spinal navigation, was used. Eighty-eight patients (Cobb angle 46°–109°) were included. Cobb angle and 2D RVAD, as described by Mehta, were measured on the conventional radiographs and coronal digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRR) of the prone computed tomography scans. A previously validated, semiautomatic image processing technique was used to acquire complete 3D spinal reconstructions for the measurement of the 3D RVAD in a reconstructed true coronal plane, axial rotation, and sagittal morphology.

Results. The 2D RVAD on the x-ray was on average 25.3° ± 11.0° and 25.6° ± 12.8° on the DRR (P = 0.990), but in the true 3D coronal view of the apex, hardly any asymmetry remained (3D RVAD: 3.1° ± 12.5°; 2D RVAD on x-ray and DRR vs. 3D RVAD: P < 0.001). 2D apical rib asymmetry in the anatomical coronal plane did not correlate with the same RVAD measurements in the 3D reconstructed coronal plane of the rotated apex (r = 0.155; P = 0.149). A larger 2D RVAD was found to correlate linearly with increased axial rotation (r = 0.542; P < 0.001) and apical lordosis (r = 0.522; P < 0.001).

Conclusion. The 2D RVAD represents a projection-based composite radiographic index reflecting the severity of the complex 3D apical morphology including axial rotation and apical lordosis. It indicates a difference in severity of the apical deformation.
All Author(s) ListBrink RC, Schlösser TPC, van Stralen M, Vincken KL, Kruyt MC, Chu WCW, Cheng JCY, Castelein RM
Journal nameSpine
Volume Number43
Issue Number2
PagesE92 - E97
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2020-04-04 at 23:10