Self-Assembled Injectable Nanocomposite Hydrogels Stabilized by Bisphosphonate-Magnesium (Mg2+) Coordination Regulates the Differentiation of Encapsulated Stem Cells via Dual Crosslinking
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Nanocomposite hydrogels consist of a polymer matrix embedded with nanoparticles (NPs), which provide the hydrogels with unique bioactivities and mechanical properties. Incorporation of NPs via in situ precipitation in the polymer matrix further enhances these desirable hydrogel properties. However, the noncytocompatible pH, osmolality, and lengthy duration typically required for such in situ precipitation strategies preclude cell encapsulation in the resultant hydrogels. Bisphosphonate (BP) exhibits a variety of specific bioactivities and excellent binding affinity to multivalent cations such as magnesium ions (Mg2+). Here, the preparation of nanocomposite hydrogels via self-assembly driven by bisphosphonate-Mg2+ coordination is described. Upon mixing solutions of polymer bearing BPs, BP monomer (Ac-BP), and Mg2+, this effective and dynamic coordination leads to the rapid self-assembly of Ac-BP-Mg NPs which function as multivalent crosslinkers stabilize the resultant hydrogel structure at physiological pH. The obtained nanocomposite hydrogels are self-healing and exhibit improved mechanical properties compared to hydrogels prepared by blending prefabricated NPs. Importantly, the hydrogels in this study allow the encapsulation of cells and subsequent injection without compromising the viability of seeded cells. Furthermore, the acrylate groups on the surface of Ac-BP-Mg NPs enable facile temporal control over the stiffness and crosslinking density of hydrogels via UV-induced secondary crosslinking, and it is found that the delayed introduction of this secondary crosslinking enhances cell spreading and osteogenesis.
著者Zhang K, Feng Q, Xu J, Xu X, Tian F, Yeung KWK, Bian L
期刊名稱Advanced Functional Materials
關鍵詞dynamic coordination, nanocomposite hydrogels, self-assembly, stem cell differentiation

上次更新時間 2021-18-01 於 01:48