Protective effects of an HTRA1 insertion-deletion variant against age-related macular degeneration in the Chinese populations
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of visual impairment and irreversible blindness in most developed countries, affecting about 50 million elderly people worldwide. Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell degeneration is the pathophysiological cause of AMD, leading to geographic atrophy and choroidal neovascularization. We and others have previously identified several polymorphisms on chromosome 10q26 (HTRA1 rs11200638 as well as LOC387715 rs10490924 and c.372_815del443ins54) associated with AMD. In this study, we confirmed the association of our previously identified HTRA1 insertion–deletion (indel) variant (c.34delCinsTCCT) in 195 exudative AMD patients and 390 controls from the Hong Kong Chinese cohort with additional 168 patients and 210 controls from the Chengdu Chinese cohort and followed by studying its biological functions in RPE cells. Genetic analysis verified the higher prevalence of c.34delCinsTCCT allele in control subjects (8.0%) than in AMD patients (1.9%; P=7.87 × 10−5, odds ratio=0.229). This protective effect was validated as the haplotype of the c.34delCinsTCCT allele existed independent of the risk haplotype (P=1.17 × 10−5). In vitro studies showed that recombinant HTRA1 c.34delCinsTCCT variant protein was more localized in the endoplasmic reticulum of RPE cells compared with the wild-type protein, and its secretion was delayed. Moreover, ARPE-19 cells expressing HTRA1 c.34delCinsTCCT variant had higher cell viability, lower cell apoptosis and were less responsive to anoikis, supporting its protective role. We revealed a protective AMD-associated HTRA1 variant in Chinese populations and the biological role of HTRA1 in RPE cell degeneration, indicating its involvement in AMD pathogenesis.
著者Ng TK, Liang XY, Lu F, Liu DT, Yam GH, Ma L, Tam PO, Chen H, Cen LP, Chen LJ, Yang Z, Pang CP
期刊名稱Laboratory Investigation
出版社Nature Publishing Group
頁次43 - 52

上次更新時間 2021-18-01 於 01:43