CFTR founder mutation causes protein trafficking defects in Chinese patients with cystic fibrosis
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AbstractBackground

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare condition in Asians. Since 1985, only about 30 Chinese patients have been reported with molecular confirmation.

Method

Using our in-house next-generation sequencing (NGS) pipeline for childhood bronchiectasis, we identified disease-causing CFTR mutations in CF patients in Hong Kong. After identifying p.I1023R in multiple patients, haplotype analysis was performed with genome-wide microarray to ascertain the likelihood of this being a founder mutation. We also assessed the processing and gating activity of the mutant protein by Western hybridization and patch-clamp test.

Results

Molecular diagnoses were confirmed in four patients, three of whom shared a missense mutation: CFTR:c.3068T>G:p.I1023R. The results suggested that p.I1023R is a founder mutation in southern Han Chinese. In addition, the processing and gating activity of the mutant protein was assessed by gel electrophoresis and a patch-clamp test. The mutant protein exhibited trafficking defects, suggesting that the dysfunction is caused by reduced cell surface expression of the fully glycosylated proteins.

Conclusion

Together with other previously reported mutations, the specific founder mutation presented herein suggests a unique CFTR mutation spectrum in the southern Chinese populations, and this finding has vital implications for improving molecular testing and mutation-specific treatments for Chinese patients with CF.
All Author(s) ListGordon K. C. Leung, Dingge Ying, Christopher C. Y. Mak, Xin-Ying Chen, Weiyi Xu, Kit-San Yeung, Wai-Lap Wong,
Yoyo W. Y. Chu, Gary T. K. Mok, Christy S. K. Chau, Jenna McLuskey, Winnie P. T. Ong, Huey-Yin Leong, Kelvin Y. K. Chan, Wanling Yang, Jeng-Haur Chen, Albert M. Li, Pak C. Sham, Yu-Lung Lau, Brian H. Y. Chung, So-Lun Lee
Journal nameMolecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine
Year2017
Month1
Volume Number5
Issue Number1
PublisherWiley Open Access
Pages40 - 49
ISSN2324-9269
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2020-21-11 at 02:15