Conservative management of postoperative chylous fistula with octreotide and peripheral total parenteral nutrition
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AbstractPostoperative chylous fistula after neck dissection is an uncommon complication associated with significant patient morbidity. Octreotide acetate is a somatostatin analogue established in the treatment of chylothorax; however, its utility in the management of cervical chylous fistulae has not been fully evaluated. The investigators hypothesized that chylous fistula can be managed by a combination of octreotide and peripheral total parenteral nutrition (TPN). A retrospective review of cases compiled at our institution from 2009 to 2015 was conducted. Ten patients, all men, were identified as having a postoperative chylous fistula after a neck dissection. All patients were treated with peripheral TPN and intravenous octreotide. Mean age of the patients was 63.0 years (range 49 to 82). Five (50.0%) had a neck dissection for the management of metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma and had previous neck irradiation. In 8 (80%) patients, chylous fistula occurred in the left neck. Seven (70.0%) of the leaks occurred within the first 2 postoperative days. Eight (80%) leaks were controlled using TPN and octreotide, with 2 (20%) patients requiring surgical intervention. No factors were significant in the successful conservative management of chylous fistulae. One patient with a chylous fistula of 1,800 ml/day was managed successfully without surgical intervention. The results of this case series suggest that chylous fistulae may be managed conservatively with octreotide and TPN. However, long-term evaluation is needed to define if and when surgical intervention is required for control.
All Author(s) ListJason YK Chan, Eddy WY Wong, SK Ng, CA van Hasselt, AC Vlantis
Journal nameEar Nose and Throat Journal
Volume Number96
Issue Number7
PublisherVendome Group
Place of PublicationUSA
Pages264 - 267
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2018-20-01 at 18:57