诊断切点的改变对中国高血庒、高血脂、高血糖患病率的影响 (The impact of broadened diagnostic criteria on the prevalence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus in China)
Publication in refereed journal

Altmetrics Information
.

Other information
AbstractObjective
The burden of chronic disease has been continuously increasing in China since the early 1980s. Besides the worsening of risk factors, the change in diagnostic criteria is very likely an important explanation for the increase in the prevalence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus, three commonest, major chronic conditions that can lead to major vascular events and deaths. This study aims to estimate the contribution of changes in diagnostic criteria to the increase in the prevalence of the three conditions in China.

Methods
The data from two representative nation-wide surveys in China in 2002 and 2009, with 145 254 and 8 813 adults included respectively, were used to estimate the prevalence rate of the three conditions and the proportion attributable to the change in diagnostic criteria around year 2000. The new and old cutoff values for hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia were 140/90 and 160/95 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), 5.7 and 6.2 mmol/L, and 7.0 and 7.8 mmol/L, respectively. The prevalence was standardized according to the distribution of age, sex and rural-urban residence of the 2000 national census of the country so as to compare between the old and new diagnostic criteria and project the situation for the entire country.

Results
The standardized prevalence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus for the entire Chinese adult population in 2002 was 8.21%, 1.71% and 1.43% according to the immediate previous diagnostic criteria, and 19.18%, 3.53% and 2.66% according to the new criteria. In 2009, the prevalence was 11.89%, 9.34% and 4.29% according to the old criteria, and 24.78%, 18.36% and 6.55% according to the new criteria. The total cumulative prevalence of the three conditions was increased by 124% in 2002 and 95% in 2009 as a result of change in diagnostic criteria. Put it differently, the change in diagnostic criteria increased the number of the three conditions from 2002 to 2009 by approximately 359 million and could increase the annual drug costs by some 271 billion RMB if all the conditions are treated. The drug costs alone of treating all the three conditions could consume 56% of the total health budget of the Government in 2010. Conclusion About half of the number of the three conditions is a result of the change in diagnostic criteria. These criteria were adopted from western populations, which are designed to meet the population need and suit healthcare resources available in these countries. It is important for China to consider the resources available and needs and values of the population in addition to the benefits, harms and costs of treatment in determining the cutoff values for defining these conditions for drug interventions.
All Author(s) List扈学俸, 韩笑然, 杨祖耀, 胡永华, 唐金陵
Journal nameChinese Journal of Preventive Medicine
Year2017
Month5
Volume Number51
Issue Number5
Pages369 - 377
ISSN0253-9624
LanguagesChinese-Simplified
KeywordsHypertension, Dyslipidemias, Hyperglycemia, Prevalence, Over-diagnosis

Last updated on 2020-10-08 at 03:13