Topical Application of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Ameliorated Liver Parenchyma Damage After Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in an Animal Model
Publication in refereed journal


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摘要Background
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is commonly encountered after liver surgery. This study evaluated the hepatoprotective effects of topically applied adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ADMSCs) on hepatic IRI in a rat model.

Methods
ADMSCs from transgenic green fluorescent protein Sprague-Dawley rats were topically applied to the liver surface of Sprague-Dawley rats after hepatic IRI and fixed in position by fibrin glue (group A, n = 24). An equivalent amount of ADMSCs were administered through the portal (group B, n = 24) or tail vein (group C, n = 24). In the control group (group D, n = 20), no treatment was given to the IRI liver.

Results
All the rats in group A and group D survived. Within 2 days after hepatic IRI, only 50% of rats survived in group B, and ADMSCs were detected in thromboemboli within large vessels. 62.5% of the rats died in group C because most of the ADMSCs were trapped in the lungs. ADMSCs migrated across the liver capsule and homed to the injured liver parenchyma 3 days after topical application in group A. The homed ADMSCs expressed hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α and hepatocyte nuclear factor-1. Compared with group D, the rate of hepatic regeneration in group A was enhanced with less inflammation, smaller necrotic areas, and improved liver function. Proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-21, and CD70 were significantly downregulated in group A by 6.3-, 2.7-, and 12.7-fold, respectively (P < 0.05). The neurogenic locus NOTCH homolog protein pathway was activated in the topical ADMSCs.

Conclusions
Topically applied adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells demonstrated hepatoprotective effects on hepatic IRI in an animal model.
著者Ping Kuen Lam, Charing Ching Ning Chong, Anthony Wing Ip Lo, Anthony Wing Hung Chan, Cindy See Wai Tong, Don Wai Ching Chin, Kenneth Hoi Kin Wong, Richard Kwong Wai Choy, Andrew Kai-Yip Fung, Yi Xiang Wang, Ka Fai To, Paul Bo San Lai
期刊名稱Transplantation Direct
出版年份2017
卷號3
期次6
國際標準期刊號2373-8731
語言英式英語

上次更新時間 2020-02-12 於 01:27