Immigrant Entrepreneurship among Mainland Chinese University Graduates in Hong Kong: An Empirical Study with Multiple Perspectives
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Officially Accepted for Publication

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AbstractNowadays, Hong Kong needs to strengthen its innovativeness and entrepreneurship. However, it lacks enough talent. Attracting mainland students who have studied in Hong Kong to stay and contribute to entrepreneurship development is an option. These students usually have good academic ability, strong motivation, and interest in science and engineering. This study investigates whether students and young graduates originating from Mainland China can help
reignite entrepreneurial spirit. It also studies the factors driving their interest on entrepreneurship, strengths and weaknesses of current policies, and improvements on such policies taking a comparative perspective.
After a review on the status of mainland students in Hong Kong and existing policy schemes, relevant literature in immigrant entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship ecosystem were also studied. Based on a research framework developed, empirical studies were undertaken. To gain a full picture for the analysis, the empirical studies utilized a mixed research approach to collect both quantitative and qualitative data using a questionnaire survey and an in-depth
interview for understanding the veiwpoints of group of mainland students towards their studies, life in Hong Kong, career interests, and school and social systems particularly those related to starting up a business in Hong Kong. A total of 33 interviewees participated in semi-structured interviews, and 211 students or recent graduates participated in a survey. The two sets of data converge nicely and together provided valuable data for analysis. Essentially, it is found that past views on immigrants to Hong Kong do not apply to the new generation of mainland students. It is time for considering new policies and programmes regarding: (1) recruitment and selection of mainland students; (2) incentives to keep students from leaving; (3) collaboration among hometown and business associations; (4) startup process and fund-raising for mainland students and graduates; and (5) enhancement of immigrant integration based on multiculturalism. Recommendations are proposed for the government, local universities and communities with the aim to promote mainland students and graduates to become entrepreneurs and contribute to the economy and society of Hong Kong in the future.
Acceptance Date09/01/2017
All Author(s) ListAU Yuk Fai Kevin, Lo Wing Shan
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsImmigrant, Entrepreneurship, Startup, Mainland Chinese students and graduates

Last updated on 2018-20-01 at 18:21