Beyond the ‘East-West’ dichotomy: Global variation in cultural models of selfhood
Publication in refereed journal

香港中文大學研究人員

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摘要Markus and Kitayama’s (1991) theory of independent and interdependent self-construals had a major influence on social, personality, and developmental psychology by highlighting the role of culture in psychological processes. However, research has relied excessively on contrasts between North American and East Asian samples, and commonly used self-report measures of independence and interdependence frequently fail to show predicted cultural differences. We revisited the conceptualization and measurement of independent and interdependent self-construals in 2 large-scale multinational surveys, using improved methods for cross-cultural research. We developed (Study 1: N 2924 students in 16 nations) and validated across cultures (Study 2: N 7279 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations) a new 7-dimensional model of self-reported ways of being independent or interdependent. Patterns of global
variation support some of Markus and Kitayama’s predictions, but a simple contrast between independence and interdependence does not adequately capture the diverse models of selfhood that prevail in different world regions. Cultural groups emphasize different ways of being both independent and interdependent, depending on individualism-collectivism, national socioeconomic development, and religious heritage. Our 7-dimensional model will allow future researchers to test more accurately the implications of cultural models of selfhood for psychological processes in diverse ecocultural contexts.
著者Vignoles V. L., Owe E., Becker M., Smith P. B., Easterbrook M., Brown. R., González R., Didier N., Carrasco D., Cadena M. P., Lay S., Schwartz S. J., Des Rosiers S. E., Villamar J. A., Gavreliuc A., Zinkeng M., Kreuzbauer R., Baguma P., Martin M., Tatarko A., Herman G., de Sauvage I., Courtois M., Garðarsdóttir R. B., Harb C., Schweiger Gallo I., Prieto Gil P., Lorente Clemares R., Campara G., Nizharadze G., Macapagal M. E. J., Jalal B., Bourguignon D., Zhang J., Lv S., Chybicka A., Yuki M., Zhang X., Espinosa A., Valk A., Abuhamdeh S., Amponsah B., Özgen E., Güner E. Ü., Yamakoğlu N., Chobthamkit P., Pyszczynski T., Kesebir P., Vargas Trujillo E., Balanta P., Cendales Ayala B., Koller S. H., Jaafar J. L., Gausel N., Fischer R., Milfont T. L., Kusdil E., Çağlar S., Aldhafri S., Ferreira M. C., Mekonnen K. H., Wang Q., Fülöp M., Torres A., Camino L., Lemos F. C. S., Fritsche I., Möller B., Regalia C., Manzi C., Brambilla M., Bond M. H.
期刊名稱Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
出版年份2016
卷號145
期次8
出版社American Psychological Association
出版地USA
頁次966 - 1000
國際標準期刊號0096-3445
電子國際標準期刊號1939-2222
語言美式英語
關鍵詞culture, independence–interdependence, self-construals

上次更新時間 2020-22-09 於 02:57