The competing mini-dumbbell mechanism: new insights into CCTG repeat expansion
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AbstractCCTG repeat expansions in intron 1 of the cellular nucleic acid-binding protein gene are associated with myotonic dystrophy type 2. Recently, we have reported a novel mini-dumbbell (MDB) structure formed by two CCTG or TTTA repeats, which potentially has a critical role in repeat expansions. Here we present a mechanism, called the competing MDB mechanism, to explain how the formation of MDB can lead to efficient mismatch repair (MMR) escape and thus CCTG repeat expansions during DNA replication. In a long tract of CCTG repeats, two competing MDBs can be formed in any segment of three repeats. Fast exchange between these MDBs will make the commonly occupied repeat behave like a mini-loop. Further participations of the 5′- or 3′-flanking repeat in forming competing MDBs will make the mini-loop shift in the 5′- or 3′-direction, thereby providing a pathway for the mini-loop to escape from MMR. To avoid the complications due to the formation of hairpin conformers in longer CCTG repeats, we made use of TTTA repeats as model sequences to demonstrate the formation of competing MDBs and shifting of mini-loop in a long tract of repeating sequence.
All Author(s) ListGuo P, Lam SL
Journal nameSignal Transduction and Targeted Therapy
Volume Number1
PublisherNature Publishing Group
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2021-18-09 at 01:01