悖论的可见性:《9个gay》与《一屋赞客》对同性恋的再现
Paradoxical Visibility: An Analysis of Homosexuality Representation in The Nine Gay and A House of Zanker
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Abstract本文通过对《9个gay》和《一屋赞客》中同性恋相关内容的分析,意在说明在异/同性恋正统主义的逻辑下,网络视频对同性恋的再现被囿于私领域的牢笼,消费、爱情与亲密关系、家庭等成为同性恋生活的核心面向,而私领域与性别维度以外的同性恋生活则被剥夺了可见性的资格。与这种逻辑相对应的同性恋形象指向了年轻的城市中产阶级,而没有能力、没有条件、没有意愿遵循这种逻辑的人被进一步边缘化,变得更加的不可见、不可理解。这是一种充满悖论的可见性:一方面,它有利于改变社会对同性恋的污名化和刻板印象,并为争取同性恋的公民权利打下基础;另一方面,这种可见性是以剥夺了私领域以外的生活与更加边缘的群体的可见性为代价的,它并非一条通往自由之路,而更容易将人引入歧途。

This study provides an analysis of the homosexuality representation in two online shows of The Nine Gay and A House of Zanker. Both online shows confine their representation of homosexuals in private domain, in which, consumption, love and intimacy, and family relationship constitute the cornerstone of homosexual life. Life outside this confined private sphere, or experiences other than sexuality and gender are invisible in the shows. Under this type of representation, homosexuality becomes a phenomenon of the young, urbane and middle-class. People do not fall in this category are neither visible nor comprehensible. Such a representation overlooks the issues of class division, regional disparity, inequality in education and between rural and urban, as well as differences in age and body. It reduces a very diverse group of people into a single homogenous group that is free from any oppression of class and inequality except sex/gender discrimination. By locating homosexuality in a privatized and de-politicalized domain, conventional homosexuality seeks the acceptance of the mainstream culture and demonstrates its willingness to comply and preserve the mainstream norm.Heteronormativity becomes the only enemy. This absence of oppression and inequality in representation portrays homosexuals as those who follow homonormative rules——a mere opposite of heteronormativity. Homonormativity and heteronormativity are the dual sides of the visibility. This paradoxical visibility, on one hand, helps change the social stigma associated with homosexuality and promote gay civil rights;on the other hand, it restrains homosexual representation at the expense of those marginalized invisible groups. Such a representation may lead to a misguided direction, not a true emancipation for the gay rights movement.
All Author(s) ListLUO Muyuan
Journal name社会 = Chinese Journal of Sociology
Year2016
Month3
Volume Number36
Issue Number2
Pages215 - 241
LanguagesChinese-Simplified

Last updated on 2018-20-01 at 18:55