Carbon emission and sequestration of urban turfgrass systems in Hong Kong
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AbstractClimate change is more than just a global issue. Locally released carbon dioxide may lead to a rise in global ambient temperature and influence the surrounding climate. Urban greenery may mitigate this as they can remove carbon dioxide by storing carbon in substrates and vegetation. On the other hand, urban greenery systems which are under intense management and maintenance may contribute to the emission of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases. The impact of urban greenery on carbon balance in major metropolitan areas thus remains controversial. We investigated the carbon footprints of urban turf operation and maintenance by conducting a research questionnaire on different Hong Kong turfs in 2012, and showed that turf maintenance contributed 0.17 to 0.63 kg Ce m− 2 y− 1 to carbon emissions. We also determined the carbon storage of turfs at 0.05 to 0.21 kg C m− 2 for aboveground grass biomass and 1.26 to 4.89 kg C m− 2 for soils (to 15 cm depth). We estimated that the carbon sink capacity of turfs could be offset by carbon emissions in 5–24 years under current management patterns, shifting from carbon sink to carbon source. Our study suggested that maintenance management played a key role in the carbon budget and footprint of urban greeneries. The environmental impact of turfgrass systems can be optimized by shifting away from empirically designed maintenance schedules towards rational ones based on carbon sink and emission principles.
All Author(s) ListLingKong, ZhengjunShi, L.M.Chu
Journal nameScience of the Total Environment
Volume Number473-474
Pages132 - 138
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsCarbon balance, Soil, Turfgrass, Urban greenery, Maintenance management

Last updated on 2020-22-09 at 02:52