Effects of a Theory-Based Educational Program on Health Behaviors and Cardiovascular Health Outcomes Among Overweight Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial
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AbstractBackground
With the natural cessation of estrogen, after menopause, women, especially those who are overweight, are at a high risk for cardiovascular disease. Diet control and adequate physical activity (PA) are recommended as the essence of promoting cardiovascular health for women after menopause.

Objective
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a theory-based educational program on health behaviors and cardiovascular health outcomes among overweight postmenopausal Chinese women compared with conventional didactic education.

Methods
In this randomized controlled trial, 288 participants were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 144) or control (n = 144) groups. The control group received conventional didactic education. The intervention group received a 3-month theory-based educational program. Primary outcomes were PA and dietary behavior. Secondary outcomes included cardiovascular health knowledge, self-efficacy in PA and diet, and cardiovascular health outcomes. Data were collected at baseline (T0), 3 months (T1), 6 months (T2), and 12 months (T3).

Results
The intervention group demonstrated significantly greater improvements in PA, dietary behavior, self-efficacy in PA and diet, and several cardiovascular health outcomes (body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, and Framingham risk score [body mass index]) at postintervention compared with the control group (all Ps < .05). These significant effects maintained at T2, and the effects on self-efficacy in PA and diet also were maintained at T3.

Conclusions
A theory-based educational program may be an effective strategy for improving PA, dietary behavior, self-efficacy in PA and diet, and several cardiovascular health outcomes for overweight postmenopausal Chinese women. However, further strategies are needed to enhance the sustainability of the positive changes.
All Author(s) ListChair S. Y., Lo S. W. S., Cheng H. Y., Choi K. C., Liu T., Wang Q., Sit J. W. H.
Journal nameJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Year2024
Month1
Volume Number39
Issue Number1
PublisherLippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Pages79 - 87
ISSN0889-4655
eISSN1550-5049
LanguagesEnglish-United States
Keywordsbehavior, cardiovascular health, educational program, menopause, women

Last updated on 2024-17-01 at 15:26