Relaxing or challenging? How social crowding influences the effectiveness of activity-based destination advertising
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AbstractWith the return of global travel in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, destination marketers face the major challenge of attracting tourists via advertisements in an environment characterized by fierce competition and comparatively limited budgets after a long hiatus. This research examines the effectiveness of different activity-based destination advertising tactics in crowded environments. Advertisements promoting tourism activities are poised to be particularly effective in the post-COVID-19 landscape, as tourists now prioritize experiential activities after enduring years of restrictions. This research shows that social crowding influences people's reactions to advertisements promoting different activities (relaxing vs. challenging). Specifically, in more (vs. less) crowded places, people are less (more) likely to be attracted by challenging (relaxing) activity-based advertisements because crowding triggers risk aversion. More importantly, promoting challenging (relaxing) activities with a loss (gain) frame triggers positive reactions to advertisements in a crowded environment.
Acceptance Date03/09/2023
All Author(s) ListNan (Iris) Xue, Xing (Stella) Liu, Lisa C. Wan, Yuansi Hou
Journal nameTourism Management
Detailed descriptionAccepted 3 September 2023, Available online 12 September 2023, Version of Record 12 September 2023.
Volume Number100
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Article number104839
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2024-06-02 at 11:47