Fecal Bacteria Act as Novel Biomarkers for Noninvasive Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Purpose: Gut microbiota have been implicated in the development of colorectal cancer. We evaluated the utility of fecal bacterial marker candidates identified by our metagenome sequencing analysis for colorectal cancer diagnosis.

Experimental Design: Subjects (total 439; 203 colorectal cancer and 236 healthy subjects) from two independent Asian cohorts were included. Probe-based duplex quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays were established for the quantification of bacterial marker candidates.

Results: Candidates identified by metagenome sequencing, including Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn), Bacteroides clarus (Bc), Roseburia intestinalis (Ri), Clostridium hathewayi (Ch), and one undefined species (labeled as m7), were examined in fecal samples of 203 colorectal cancer patients and 236 healthy controls by duplex-qPCR. Strong positive correlations were demonstrated between the quantification of each candidate by our qPCR assays and metagenomics approach (r = 0.801–0.934, all P < 0.0001). Fn was significantly more abundant in colorectal cancer than controls (P < 0.0001), with AUROC of 0.868 (P < 0.0001). At the best cut-off value maximizing sum of sensitivity and specificity, Fn discriminated colorectal cancer from controls with a sensitivity of 77.7%, and specificity of 79.5% in cohort I. A simple linear combination of four bacteria (Fn + Ch + m7-Bc) showed an improved diagnostic ability compared with Fn alone (AUROC = 0.886, P < 0.0001) in cohort I. These findings were further confirmed in an independent cohort II. In particular, improved diagnostic performances of Fn alone (sensitivity 92.8%, specificity 79.8%) and four bacteria (sensitivity 92.8%, specificity 81.5%) were achieved in combination with fecal immunochemical testing for the detection of colorectal cancer.

Conclusions: Stool-based colorectal cancer–associated bacteria can serve as novel noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers for colorectal cancer.
著者Liang Q, Chiu J, Chen Y, Huang Y, Higashimori A, Fang J, Brim H, Ashktorab H, Ng SC, Ng SSM
期刊名稱Clinical Cancer Research
頁次2061 - 2070

上次更新時間 2020-15-10 於 02:37