Sodium Channel Subunit SCNN1B Suppresses Gastric Cancer Growth and Metastasis via GRP78 Degradation
Publication in refereed journal


摘要There remains a paucity of functional biomarkers in gastric cancer. Here, we report the identification of the sodium channel subunit SCNN1B as a candidate biomarker in gastric cancer. SCNN1B mRNA expression was silenced commonly by promoter hypermethylation in gastric cancer cell lines and primary tumor tissues. Tissue microarray analysis revealed that high expression of SCNN1B was an independent prognostic factor for longer survival in gastric cancer patients, especially those with late-stage disease. Functional studies demonstrated that SCNN1B overexpression was sufficient to suppress multiple features of cancer cell pathophysiology in vitro and in vivo Mechanistic investigations revealed that SCNN1B interacted with the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone, GRP78, and induced its degradation via polyubiquitination, triggering the unfolded protein response (UPR) via activation of PERK, ATF4, XBP1s, and C/EBP homologous protein and leading in turn to caspase-dependent apoptosis. Accordingly, SCNN1B sensitized gastric cancer cells to the UPR-inducing drug tunicamycin. GRP78 overexpression abolished the inhibitory effect of SCNN1B on cell growth and migration, whereas GRP78 silencing aggravated growth inhibition by SCNN1B. In summary, our results identify SCNN1B as a tumor-suppressive function that triggers UPR in gastric cancer cells, with implications for its potential clinical applications as a survival biomarker in gastric cancer patients.
著者Qian Y, Wong CC, Xu J, Chen H, Zhang Y, Kang W, Wang H, Zhang L, Li W, Chu ESH, Go MYY, Chiu PWY, Ng EKW, Chan FKL, Sung JJY, Si J, Yu J.
期刊名稱Cancer Research
出版社American Association for Cancer Research
頁次1968 - 1982

上次更新時間 2021-22-09 於 01:14