Measuring the holes of the ship: Global cost estimations of internal inefficiency in primary education
Publication in refereed journal

Times Cited
Altmetrics Information

Other information
AbstractUsing UNESCO-UIS data, this paper estimates the costs of internal inefficiency caused by dropouts and repetitions in primary education. Multiple imputation method is found essential to accurately estimate the costs of internal inefficiency. Globally, 8.1% of total public expenditure for primary education was wasted in 2011, a 3.4 percentage-point decrease from 2002. However, during the same period, total value of wastage increased by two billion USD to 32.6 billion USD, five times higher than total aid for primary education towards developing countries. Sub-Saharan Africa remains as the region with significant needs for improvement in internal inefficiency.
Acceptance Date20/01/2017
All Author(s) ListSuguru Mizunoya, Thiha Zaw
Journal nameInternational Journal of Educational Development
Volume Number54
Pages8 - 17
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsPrimary education, Internal inefficiency, Dropout, Repetition

Last updated on 2022-14-01 at 23:54