Palmatine hydrochloride mediated photodynamic inactivation of breast cancer MCF-7 cells: Effectiveness and mechanism of action
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AbstractBreast cancer is one of the commonest malignant tumors threatening to women. The present study aims to investigate the effect of photodynamic action of palmatine hydrochloride (PaH), a naturally occurring photosensitizer isolated from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), on apoptosis of breast cancer cells. Firstly, cellular uptake of PaH in MCF-7 cells was measured and the cytotoxicity of PaH itself on breast cancer MCF-7 cells was estimated using the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Subcellular localization of PaH in MCF-7 cells was observed using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). For photodynamic treatment, MCF-7 cells were incubated with PaH and then irradiated by visible light (470 nm) from a LED light source. Photocytotoxicity was investigated 24 h after photodynamic treatment using MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was analyzed 18 h after photodynamic treatment using flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI staining. Nuclear was stained using Hoechst 33342 and observed under a fluorescence microscope. Intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was studied by measuring the fluorescence of 2, 7-dichlorofluorescein (DCF) using a flow cytometry. Results showed that PaH treatment alone had no or minimum cytotoxicity to MCF-7 cells after incubation for 24 h in the dark. After incubation for 40 min, the cellular uptake of PaH reached to the maximum, and PaH mainly located in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum of MCF-7 cells. Photodynamic treatment of PaH demonstrated a significant photocytotoxicity on MCF-7 cells, induced remarkable cell apoptosis and significantly increased intracellular ROS level. Our findings demonstrated that PaH as a naturally occurring photosensitizer induced cell apoptosis and significantly killed MCF-7 cells. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListWu J, Xiao QC, Zhang N, Xue CH, Leung AW, Zhang HW, Tang QJ, Xu CS
Journal namePhotodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Volume Number15
Pages133 - 138
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsBreast cancer; Cell apoptosis; Palmatine hydrochloride; Photodynamic therapy; Reactive oxygen species; Subcellular localization
Web of Science Subject CategoriesOncology

Last updated on 2021-16-09 at 01:47