Supply Chain Cooperation with Price-Sensitive Demand and Environmental Impacts
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AbstractIn this paper, we consider a two-echelon sustainable supply chain with price-sensitive demand. The government taxes the carbon footprint of each item caused by producing, transporting, and consuming the products. Both the supplier and retailer can exert efforts to reduce the carbon footprint. In a non-cooperative setting, the government only taxes the supplier, so that the retailer has no incentive to exert any effort to reduce the carbon footprint and the supplier merely decides on the selling price to maximize its own profit. We develop a centralized supply chain and show that there is an optimal solution to maximize the channel profit. Since the centralized policy may not be always not practical, we propose a tax-sharing contract, where both parties profit from the carbon footprint reduction. This problem is modeled as the Stackelberg game and Nash game. The results show that the leader has more power than the follower, which results in more profit. The Stackelberg game provides boundaries for both parties' profits in the Nash game. Although the tax-sharing contract does not result in full cooperation, its efficiency is still much higher than that of the non-cooperative case. The results are illustrated with some numerical experiments.
All Author(s) ListXiao YJ, Yang S, Zhang LM, Kuo YH
Journal nameSustainability
Volume Number8
Issue Number8
PublisherMDPI AG
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordscarbon footprint; game theory; government intervention; sustainable supply chain
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEnvironmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Environmental Studies; GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY; Science & Technology - Other Topics

Last updated on 2021-22-10 at 01:04