Device-to-Device Load Balancing for Cellular Networks
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


摘要Small-cell architecture is widely adopted by cellular network operators to increase network capacity. By reducing the size of cells, operators can pack more (low-power) base stations in an area to better serve the growing demands, without causing extra interference. However, this approach suffers from low spectrum temporal efficiency. When a cell becomes smaller and covers fewer users, its total traffic fluctuates significantly due to insufficient traffic aggregation and exhibiting a large "peak-to-mean" ratio. As operators customarily provision spectrum for peak traffic, large traffic temporal fluctuation inevitably leads to low spectrum temporal efficiency. In this work, we first carry out a case-study based on real-world 3G data traffic traces and confirm that 90% of the cells in a metropolitan district are less than 40% utilized. Our study also reveals that peak traffic of adjacent cells are highly asynchronous. Motivated by these observations, we advocate device-to-device (D2D) load-balancing as a useful mechanism to address the fundamental drawback of small-cell architecture. The idea is to shift traffic from a congested cell to its adjacent under-utilized cells by leveraging inter-cell D2D communication, so that the traffic can be served without using extra spectrum, effectively improving the spectrum temporal efficiency. We provide theoretical modeling and analysis to characterize the benefit of D2D load balancing, in terms of sum peak traffic reduction of individual cells. We also derive the corresponding cost, in terms of incurred D2D traffic overhead. We carry out empirical evaluations based on real-world 3G data traces to gauge the benefit and cost of D2D load balancing under practical settings. The results show that D2D load balancing can reduce the sum peak traffic of individual cells by 35% as compared to the standard scenario without D2D load balancing, at the expense of 45% D2D traffic overhead.
著者Deng L, Zhang Y, Chen MH, Li ZP, Lee JYB, Zhang YJ, Song LY
會議名稱IEEE 12th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems
詳細描述organized by IEEE,
頁次19 - 27
Web of Science 學科類別Computer Science; Computer Science, Information Systems; Telecommunications

上次更新時間 2020-09-08 於 05:19