Alteration in leukocyte adhesion molecule expression following minor, moderate and major trauma.
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AbstractAn understanding of the mechanisms of post-injury leukocyte trafficking is essential to the development of future therapeutic interventions aimed at preventing infection and multiple organ failure in trauma patients, yet very little is known about the cellular and molecular events resulting in mobilization of members of the leukocyte family following trauma. We have studied the post-injury expression of the lymphocyte, monocyte and neutrophil adhesion molecules CD11a (LFA-1), CD11b, CD11c, CD29 (beta-1 integrin) and CD62L (L-selectin) in a group of 36 trauma patients, 13 of whom had suffered major trauma (ISS > or = 16), 15 moderate trauma (ISS = 9-15) and eight minor trauma (ISS < 9). Three ml blood samples were taken within 2.5 h of injury (mean sample time = 1.2 h, median = 1 h) into EDTA anticoagulant. Fifty-three normal control subjects were also studied for comparison. Leukocytes were stained using fluorescent-labelled monoclonal antibodies specific for each adhesion molecule, and the mean receptor density per cell measured using flow cytometry. Monocytes, neutrophils and lymphocytes in the trauma patients showed significantly increased mean-receptor density of L-selectin (p < 0.0001, 0.0001 and 0.004 respectively). Neutrophils and monocytes showed a significantly decreased level of expression of CD11a, and neutrophils showed a significant decrease in expression of CD11c. Our results indicate that there is a reduction in CD11a expression after trauma which may play an important role in the demargination of neutrophils and monocytes. The strong increase in L-selectin expression in all cell populations was unexpected, and is potentially important because this molecule supports rolling behaviour in all members of the leukocyte family, and would promote close contact between leukocytes and the endothelium at the site of injury without firm adhesion taking place. These events may be of significance in planning future strategies to combat post-trauma complications.
All Author(s) ListCocks R.A., Chan T.Y.
Journal nameEuropean Journal of Emergency Medicine
Year1997
Month12
Day1
Volume Number4
Issue Number4
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins Ltd.
Place of PublicationUnited States
Pages193 - 195
ISSN0969-9546
eISSN1473-5695
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

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