Association of SNPs in the PAI1 Gene with Disease Recurrence and Clinical Outcome in Bladder Cancer
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AbstractPurpose: Bladder cancer (BCa) is one of the most common cancer types worldwide and is characterized by a high rate of recurrence. In previous studies, we and others have described the functional influence of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI1) in bladder cancer development. While polymorphisms in PAI1 have been associated with increased risk and worsened prognosis in some cancers, the mutational status of PAI1 in human bladder tumors has not been well defined. Methods: In this study, we evaluated the mutational status of PAI1 in a series of independent cohorts, comprised of a total of 660 subjects. Results: Sequencing analyses identified two clinically relevant 3′ untranslated region (UTR) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in PAI1 (rs7242; rs1050813). Somatic SNP rs7242 was present in human BCa cohorts (overall incidence of 72%; 62% in Caucasians and 72% in Asians). In contrast, the overall incidence of germline SNP rs1050813 was 18% (39% in Caucasians and 6% in Asians). Furthermore, Caucasian patients with at least one of the described SNPs had worse recurrence-free survival and overall survival (p = 0.03 and p = 0.03, respectively). In vitro functional studies demonstrated that SNP rs7242 increased the anti-apoptotic effect of PAI1, and SNP rs1050813 was related to a loss of contact inhibition associated with cellular proliferation when compared to wild type. Conclusion: Further investigation of the prevalence and potential downstream influence of these SNPs in bladder cancer is warranted.
Acceptance Date02/03/2023
All Author(s) ListMurakami K, Furuya H, Hokutan K, Goodison S, Pagano I, Chen R, Shen CH, Chan MWY, Ng CF, Kobayashi T, Ogawa O, Miyake M, Thornquist M, Shimizu Y, Hayashi K, Wang Z, Yu H, Rosser CJ
Journal nameInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Year2023
Month3
Volume Number24
Issue Number5
PublisherMDPI
Article number4943
ISSN1422-0067
eISSN1422-0067
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywords3′ UTR SNP, Claspin, apoptosis, bladder cancer, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, recurrence, survival

Last updated on 2024-12-04 at 11:01