Adverse metabolic consequences of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on Asian patients with prostate cancer: Primary results from the real-life experience of ADT in Asia (READT) study
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AbstractBackground
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) use in prostate cancer (PCa) has seen a rising trend. We investigated the relationship between ADT and adverse changes in metabolic parameters in an Asian population.
Methods
This is an international prospective multicenter single-arm cohort yielded from the real-life experience of ADT in Asia (READT) registry. Consecutive ADT-naïve patients diagnosed of PCa and started on ADT were prospectively recruited from 2016 and analyzed. Baseline patient characteristics, PCa disease status, and metabolic parameters were documented. Patients were followed up at 6-month interval for up to 5 years. Metabolic parameters including body weight, lipid profiles, and glycemic profiles were recorded and analyzed.
Results
589 patients were eligible for analysis. ADT was associated with adverse glycemic profiles, being notable at 6 months upon ADT initiation and persisted beyond 1 year. Comparing to baseline, fasting glucose level and hemoglobin A1c level increased by 4.8% (p < 0.001) and 2.7% (p < 0.001), respectively. Triglycerides level was also elevated by 16.1% at 6th month and by 20.6% at 12th month compared to baseline (p < 0.001). Mean body weight was 1.09 kg above baseline at 18th month (p < 0.001).
Conclusion
ADT was associated with adverse metabolic parameters in terms of glycemic profiles, lipid profiles, and body weight in the Asian population. These changes developed early in the treatment and can persist beyond the first year. Regular monitoring of the biochemical profiles during treatment is paramount in safeguarding the patients' metabolic health.
Acceptance Date02/03/2023
All Author(s) ListWong CHM, Xu N, Lim J, Feng KK, Chan WKW, Chan MTY, Leung SC, Chen DN, Lin YZ, Chiu PKF, Yee CH, Teoh JYC, Huang CY, Yeoh WS, Ong TA, Wei Y, Ng CF
Journal nameProstate
Year2023
Month6
Volume Number83
Issue Number8
PublisherWiley
Pages801 - 808
ISSN0270-4137
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAsian; androgen deprivation therapy; metabolic outcomes.

Last updated on 2024-16-04 at 00:34