Clinical value of cholinesterase in patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract carcinoma
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AbstractPurpose: To evaluate the prognostic value and the clinical impact of preoperative serum cholinesterase (ChoE) levels on decision-making in patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for clinically non-metastatic upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC). Methods: A retrospective review of an established multi-institutional UTUC database was performed. We evaluated preoperative ChoE as a continuous and dichotomized variable using a visual assessment of the functional form of the association of ChoE with cancer-specific survival (CSS). We used univariable and multivariable Cox regression models to establish its association with recurrence-free survival (RFS), CSS, and overall survival (OS). Discrimination was evaluated using Harrell’s concordance index. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to assess the impact on clinical decision-making of preoperative ChoE. Results: A total of 748 patients were available for analysis. Within a median follow-up of 34 months (IQR 15–64), 191 patients experienced disease recurrence, and 257 died, with 165 dying of UTUC. The optimal ChoE cutoff identified was 5.8 U/l. ChoE as continuous variable was significantly associated with RFS (p < 0.001), OS (p < 0.001), and CSS (p < 0.001) on univariable and multivariable analyses. The concordance index improved by 8%, 4.4%, and 7% for RFS, OS, and CSS, respectively. On DCA, including ChoE did not improve the net benefit of standard prognostic models. Conclusion: Despite its independent association with RFS, OS, and CSS, preoperative serum ChoE has no impact on clinical decision-making. In future studies, ChoE should be investigated as part of the tumor microenvironment and assessed as part of predictive and prognostic models, specifically in the setting of immune checkpoint-inhibitor therapy.
Acceptance Date17/05/2023
All Author(s) Listvon Deimling M, D'Andrea D, Pradere B, Laukhtina E, Yanagisawa T, Kawada T, Majdoub M, Rajwa P, Pallauf M, Singla N, Soria F, Margulis V, Chlosta P, Karakiewicz PI, Roupret M, Teoh JY, Fisch M, Rink M, Moschini M, Lotan Y, Shariat SF
Journal nameWorld Journal of Urology
Year2023
Month7
Volume Number41
Issue Number7
PublisherSpringer
Pages1861 - 1868
ISSN0724-4983
eISSN1433-8726
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsBiomarker, Cholinesterase, Decision curve analysis, Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma, Urothelial neoplasm

Last updated on 2024-16-04 at 00:34