Efficient production of [n]rotaxanes by using template-directed clipping reactions
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AbstractIn this article, we report on the efficient synthesis of well defined, homogeneous [n]rotaxanes (n up to 11) by a template-directed thermodynamic clipping approach. By employing dynamic covalent chemistry in the form of reversible imine bond formation, [n]rotaxanes with dialkylammonium ion (-CH 2NH2+CH2-) recognition sites, encircled by [24]crown-8 rings, were prepared by a thermodynamically controlled, template-directed clipping procedure, that is, by mixing together a dumbbell compound containing a discrete number of -CH2NH2 +CH2- ion centers with appropriate amounts of a dialdehyde and a diamine to facilitate the [n]rotaxane formation. A 21-component self-assembly process is operative during the formation of the [11]rotaxane. The oligomeric dumbbells containing -CH2NH2 +CH2- ion recognition sites were prepared by a stepwise protocol. Several of the dynamic [n]rotaxanes were converted into their kinetically stable counterparts, first by reduction ("fixing") of imine bonds with the BH3·THF complex, then by protonation of the complex by addition of acid. © 2007 by The National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
All Author(s) ListWu J., Leung K.C.-F., Stoddart J.F.
Journal nameProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Year2007
Month10
Day30
Volume Number104
Issue Number44
PublisherNational Academy of Sciences
Place of PublicationUnited States
Pages17266 - 17271
ISSN0027-8424
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsDynamic covalent chemistry, Molecular recognition, Polyrotaxanes, Self-assembly, Template-directed synthesis

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