Social Ties, Internet Search, and Career Exploration among Rural Migrant and Urban Native College Students in Urban China
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AbstractOccupational attainment outcomes of rural-to-urban migrants have been a central concern to the literature on migration and social stratification in China. However, little is known about their career exploration processes, such as career decision-making self-efficacy and career commitment, which are increasingly recognized in sociology because of its consequences for social mobility and status attainment. Connecting the social network literature and the burgeoning studies of Internet-social stratification, this study examines the relative roles of various forms of social ties (bridging versus bonding ties and Internet social networking) in the career exploration of rural migrant college students in urban China. Bridging ties may be related to a higher level of career exploration and this relationship may be more pronounced for migrant college students than for urban native college students, because migrant students may be more sensitive to the benefits of bridging, weak ties. We further argue that virtual networking, and especially involvement in online bridging activities, may be a useful means of strengthening the networks for migrant students. These propositions are tested with data from a cross-sectional survey of 1,450 rural migrant and urban native college students of eight universities in Nanjing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen conducted between 2015 and 2016.
All Author(s) ListNicole W.T. Cheung
Name of ConferenceAnnual Conference of Hong Kong Sociological Association
Start Date of Conference03/12/2016
End Date of Conference03/12/2016
Place of ConferenceHong Kong
Country/Region of ConferenceHong Kong
Year2016
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsSocial Networks, Internet, Career, Youth and China

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