An illustration of the Operation of Social Legitimation for ‘Winners’ and ‘Losers’: A Comparison of Accounts of University and Community–College Students in Hong Kong
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AbstractThe theory of self-evaluation suggests that self-evaluation plays a part in social legitimation. This paper seeks to provide a contextualized illustration by comparing accounts of university and community--college students in Hong Kong on their self-evaluation, attribution, and perceived fairness. As the theory suggests, university and community--college students evaluate themselves according to their respective winner and loser positions. But, against what the theory predicts, instead of making a purely internal attribution for their educational success/failure, both university and community--college students seem equally analytical offering a structural analysis of their success/failure. This illustration suggests that social legitimation could actually be mediated through critical, albeit ambivalent, evaluations of the self and the social system and a pragmatic acceptance of the status quo. This leads us to view self-evaluation as a process of social legitimation that deprives individuals of power for imaging a fair system or bringing changes to the existing one.
All Author(s) ListWong Yi-Lee, Tse Wai-Shing
Journal nameJournal of Adult Development
Volume Number24
Issue Number4
Pages1 - 10
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAttribution, Educational hierarchy, Hong Kong, Perceived fairness, Self-evaluation, Social legitimation

Last updated on 2021-16-09 at 01:41