miRNA-29b improves bone healing in mouse fracture model
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AbstractA number of miRNAs regulates bone remodeling and their levels in circulation were associated with bone fracture, however no miRNAs have yet been shown to improve fracture healing directly. This study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-29b-3p on mice femoral fracture healing through site-specific delivery with microbubble-ultrasound system. miR-29b-3p promoted osteogenesis of mouse bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells as indicated with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Alizarin red S staining. Animal study showed that single injection of miR-29b-3p at week 2 post fracture improved healing outcome as indicated by significant decrease of callus width and area with radiographic analysis without causing significant weight loss. Static bone histomorphometry analysis showed that miR-29b-3p increased bone volume fraction (BV/TV), and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) measurement showed increased BV/TV of high density bone and bone mineral density (BMD) of the callus. 3 point bending mechanical test showed improved relative stiffness. However, repeated injection of miR-29b-3p at weeks 2 and 3 did not result in additive therapeutic outcome, and caused increased total tissue volume and reduced BMD of the callus. This is the first report showing significant therapeutic effect of miR-29b-3p on femoral fracture healing through site-specific delivery with microbubble-ultrasound system. Further studies are warranted to investigate the underlying mechanisms and to refine the treatment protocol.
All Author(s) ListLee W., Li N., Lin S., Wang B., Lan H., Li G.
Journal nameMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Year2016
Month7
Day15
Volume Number430
Issue NumberC
PublisherElsevier Ireland Ltd
Pages97 - 107
ISSN0303-7207
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsmiR-29b-3p, Mouse fracture, Bone healing, Microbubble-ultrasound system

Last updated on 2021-17-01 at 01:37