Work Motivation of Unemployed Youths: Moderating Effects of Financial Dependence on Parents
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AbstractBased upon a sample of 204 unemployed youths (mean age = 19.59, SD = 2.30) in Hong Kong, the present study investigates relationships between length of unemployment, job information acquisition, selfactualization, and work motivation, as well as the moderating effects of financial dependence on parents. The results generally sup-ported the hypothesis that self-actualization was predictive of work motivation, while the length of unemploy-ment and job information acquisition were not. Moreover, financial dependence on parents moderated the effect of length of unemployment on work motivation, as well as the effect of job information acquisition on work motivation; while the effect of selfactualization was not moderated. The results lent empirical support to the proposition of empowerment theory; and added new evidence to the interplay between unemployment, deprivation, information acquisition, and familism in explanations of work motivation. The results suggest some ways to elevate the work motivation of unemployed youth.
Acceptance Date01/11/2016
All Author(s) ListNGAI Sek Yum, CHEUNG Chau Kiu, YUAN Rui, LIN Shen
Journal nameChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume Number71
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages157 - 165
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsYouth unemployment, Work motivation, Length of unemployment, Job information acquisition, Self-actualization, Financial dependence on parents

Last updated on 2020-27-11 at 02:05