Decentralization and social partnership: The development of vocational education at Shanghai and Shenzhen in China
Publication in refereed journal

Times Cited
Altmetrics Information

Other information
AbstractIn 1985, the Chinese Mainland introduced a policy of decentralization in order to help facilitate the spread of basic education. By looking specifically at the developmental experiences of Shanghai and Shenzhen, we can gain an in depth understanding of the specific circumstances incurred under new education reforms. While undergoing decentralization, the local government's main responsibility was to implement the state directives and to act as the central government agency. During the development of vocational education, the level of decentralization in these two cities was situated somewhere between deconcentration and delegation. At the school level, the principal was mainly responsible for disseminating the state's requirements. Teachers had to firmly follow the state's instructions on teaching and learning. Other stakeholders' roles were left unclear and informal. It is believed that the indigenous meaning of education and an authentic social partnership can only develop if formal channels are established through which stakeholders can express their ideas on education in the locality. © Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006.
All Author(s) ListLai M., Lo L.N.K.
Journal nameEducational Research for Policy and Practice
Volume Number5
Issue Number2
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
Place of PublicationNetherlands
Pages101 - 120
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsDecentralization, Social partnership, Vocational education

Last updated on 2020-25-10 at 01:08