The epidemiology of patients with dizziness in an emergency department
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Objectives: The aims of this prospective study were (1) to describe the patterns of presentation, causes and disposition of patients with dizziness in an emergency department (ED) and (2) to identify the factors that predict central vestibular disorder. Methods: All adult patients (≥ 18 years) attending our ED with a chief complaint of dizziness were included. Demographic characteristics, presenting complaint, symptoms, past medical illnesses, physical findings, provisional diagnosis and disposition were recorded in a data collection sheet by the medical officers. Results: A total of 104 consecutive dizzy patients were recruited from 12th to 19th December 2003. The incidence of adult patients with dizziness was 4.0% (104/2594). There were 34 (32.7%) male and 70 (67.3%) female patients; 64 (61.5%) patients were below 65 and 40 (38.5%) were above 65. Lightheadedness (61.5%), vertigo (31.7%) and disequilibrium (4.8%) were the most frequent complaints. Nausea and/or vomiting (32.7%) and raised blood pressure on arrival (23.1%) were the most common associated symptoms and physical finding respectively. Hypertension (38.5%) was the most common pre-existing medical illness. Of all patients, 63.5% had non-vestibular disorder, 31.7% had peripheral vestibular disorder and 4.8% had central vestibular disorder. A clinical diagnosis could be made in 52.9% of our dizzy patients and about 20 different diagnoses were made. The majority (82.7%) of the patients were discharged from the ED. A presenting complaint of lightheadedness, altered mental state, focal neurological signs, raised blood pressure and history of stroke were predictors of central vestibular disorder (p<0.05). Conclusions: Lightheadedness and vertigo were the two commonest presentations of dizzy patients. Most dizzy patients had benign causes and could be discharged from the ED. Lightheadedness, focal neurological symptoms and signs, altered mental state, hypertension and previous stroke were factors that would help to diagnose central vestibular disorder.
著者Lam J.M.Y., Siu W.S., Lam T.S., Cheung N.K., Graham C.A., Rainer T.H.
出版社Medcom Limited
出版地Hong Kong
頁次133 - 139
關鍵詞Adult, Dizziness, Epidemiology, Hong Kong, Vertigo

上次更新時間 2020-03-09 於 02:53