Additional cytogenetic abnormalities and variant t(9;22) at the diagnosis of childhood chronic myeloid leukemia: The experience of the International Registry for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Children and Adolescents
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AbstractBACKGROUND:
In the adult population with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), variant translocations are usually not considered to be impairing the prognosis, whereas some additional cytogenetic abnormalities (ACAs) are associated with a negative impact on survival. Because of the rarity of CML in the pediatric population, such abnormalities have not been investigated in a large group of children with CML.

METHODS:
The prognostic relevance of variant t(9;22) and ACAs at diagnosis was assessed in 301 children with CML in the chronic phase who were enrolled in the International Registry for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Children and Adolescents.

RESULTS:
Overall, 19 children (6.3%) presented with additional cytogenetic findings at diagnosis: 5 children (1.7%) had a variant t(9;22) translocation, 13 children (4.3%) had ACAs, and 1 had both. At 3 years, for children with a classic translocation, children with ACAs, and children with a variant t(9;22) translocation who were treated with imatinib as frontline therapy, the probability of progression-free survival (PFS) was 95% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91%-97%), 100%, and 75% (95% CI, 13%-96%), respectively, and the probability of overall survival (OS) was 98% (95% CI, 95%-100%), 100% (95% CI, 43%-98%), and 75% (95% CI, 13%-96%), respectively. No statistical difference was observed between the patients with classic cytogenetic findings and those with additional chromosomal abnormalities in terms of PFS and OS.

CONCLUSIONS:
In contrast to adults with CML, additional chromosomal abnormalities
Acceptance Date05/04/2017
All Author(s) ListMillot F, Dupraz C, Guilhot J, Suttorp M, Brizard F, Leblanc T, Güneş AM, Sedlacek P, De Bont E, Li CK, Kalwak K, Lausen B, Culic S, Dworzak M, Kaiserova E, De Moerloose B, Roula F, Biondi A, Baruchel A, Guilhot F.
Journal nameCancer
Year2017
Volume Number123
Issue Number18
PublisherWiley
ISSN0008-543X
eISSN1097-0142
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsPhiladelphia-positive, child, chronic myeloid leukemia, cytogenetic, imatinib

Last updated on 2020-24-11 at 01:21