Unusual structures of CCTG repeats and their participation in repeat expansion
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AbstractCCTG repeat expansion in intron 1 of the cellular nucleic acid-binding protein (CNBP) gene has been identified to be the genetic cause of myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2). Yet the underlying reasons for the genetic instability in CCTG repeats remain elusive. In recent years, CCTG repeats have been found to form various types of unusual secondary structures including mini-dumbbell (MDB), hairpin and dumbbell, revealing that there is a high structural diversity in CCTG repeats intrinsically. Upon strand slippage, the formation of unusual structures in the nascent strand during DNA replication has been proposed to be the culprit of CCTG repeat expansions. On the one hand, the thermodynamic stability, size, and conformational dynamics of these unusual structures affect the propensity of strand slippage. On the other hand, these structural properties determine whether the unusual structure can successfully escape from DNA repair. In this short overview, we first summarize the recent advances in elucidating the solution structures of CCTG repeats. We then discuss the potential pathways by which these unusual structures bring about variable sizes of repeat expansion, high strand slippage propensity and efficient repair escape.
All Author(s) ListGuo, Lam
Journal nameBiomolecular concepts
Year2016
Month12
Day1
Volume Number7
Issue Number5-6
Pages331 - 340
ISSN1868-5021
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsCCTG repeats, myotonic dystrophy type 2, repeat expansion, unusual DNA structure

Last updated on 2020-27-11 at 00:09