Circulating human leucine-rich α-2-glycoprotein 1 mRNA and protein levels to detect acute appendicitis in patients with acute abdominal pain
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AbstractBACKGROUND:
Elevated levels of circulating plasma and urine leucine-rich-2-glycoprotein-1 (LRG1) protein has been found in patients with acute appendicitis (AA) and may be useful for diagnosis. This study aimed to investigate whether combined tests including circulating LRG1 mRNA levels improve the early diagnosis of AA.

METHODS:
Between December 2011 and October 2012, a prospective study was conducted on patients aged 18years or older presenting to the ED with acute abdominal pain (<7days of symptom onset). Levels of whole blood LRG1 mRNA and plasma LRG1 protein taken from these patients within 24h of arrival (mean 12.4h) were analyzed. The primary outcome was AA.

RESULTS:
Eighty-four patients (40 (47.6%) with AA and 44 (52.4%) without AA; mean age 35years; 41.6% males) were recruited. Median whole blood LRG1 mRNA and plasma LRG1 levels were higher in AA patients than in non-AA. Of 40 AA patients, 13 (32.5%) were diagnosed as complicated AA. In ROC analysis of LRG1 mRNA (normalized to GAPDH), LRG1 protein and Alvarado score for discriminating AA and non-AA, the areas under the curve (AUC) were 0.723, 0.742 and 0.805 respectively. The AUC of combination of normalized LRG1 mRNA, LRG1 protein and Alvarado score was 0.845.

CONCLUSION:
A combination of modified whole blood LRG1 mRNA levels, plasma LRG1 protein and Alvarado score at the ED may be useful to diagnose simple and complicated AA from other causes of abdominal pain.
All Author(s) ListRainer TH, Leung LY, Chan C, Leung YK, Cheng NM, Lai P, Cheung YS, Graham CA
Journal nameClinical Biochemistry
Year2017
Month6
Volume Number50
Issue Number9
PublisherElsevier
Pages485 - 490
ISSN0009-9120
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-10-08 at 02:24