Recent decadal glacier mass balances over the Western Nyainqentanglha Mountains and the increase in their melting contribution to Nam Co Lake measured by differential bistatic SAR interferometry
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AbstractThe Western Nyainqentanglha Mountains locates in the southeastern center of the Inner Tibetan Plateau (ITP). Glaciers in this region are influenced by both the continental climate of Central Asia and the Indian Monsoon system. Their melting on the western slopes feeds the Nam Co Lake, which is the second largest endorheic lake in the ITP. The elevation of Nam Co Lake increased at a rate of 0.25 +/- 0.12 m year(-1) from 2003 to 2009. In this study, aimed at quantifying the decadal glacier mass balance in the Western Nyainqentanglha Mountains and their increasing melting contribution to Nam Co Lake; we applied the differential Bistatic SAR interferometry method to five pairs of TanDEM CoSSC datasets observed between 2013 and 2014 and SRTM acquired in 2000. The mean annual mass loss rate was -0.235 +/- 0.127 m w.e. year(-1) for the entire range. The mass loss rate for the northwestern slope (inside the Nam Co Lake drainage basin) and the southeastern slope (outside the Nam Co Lake drainage basin) were -0.268 +/- 0.129 m w.e. year(-1) and -0.219 +/- 0.126 m w.e. year(-1) respectively. Our results agree well with previous fieldwork at the Zhadang and Gurenhekou glaciers located on the northwestern and southeastern slopes. Debris-cover suppressed glacier downwasting to some extent. By presuming that all of the melted ice flows into the lake, the glaciers' melting contribution to Nam Co Lake's increasing water volume was approximately 10.50 +/- 9.00% during the period between 2003 and 2009.
All Author(s) ListLi G, Lin H
Journal nameGlobal and Planetary Change
Volume Number149
Pages177 - 190
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsBistatic SAR interferometry, Glacier mass balance, Nyainqentanglha Mountains, Nam Co Lake, Tibetan Plateau
Web of Science Subject CategoriesGeography, Physical;Geosciences, Multidisciplinary;Physical Geography;Geology

Last updated on 2020-24-11 at 01:19