MiR-503 Promotes Bone Formation in Distraction Osteogenesis through Suppressing Smurf1 Expression
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AbstractDistraction osteogenesis (DO) is a unique technique for promoting bone formation in clinical practice. However the underlying mechanism remains elusive. As epigenetic mediators, microRNAs have been reported to play important roles in regulating osteogenesis. In this study, after successfully established the DO model of rats, a microRNA microarray was performed to find molecular targets for DO. Total 100 microRNAs were identified as differently expressed, with miR-503 being one of the most significantly up-regulated miRNAs in DO. The further investigation also showed that miR-503 was upregulated during osteogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells of rats, and overexpression of miR-503 significantly promoted osteogenesis in vitro and accelerated mineralization in DO process in vivo. By using bioinformatic investigations and luciferase activities, we successfully demonstrated that Smurf1, a negative regulator of osteogenesis, was a real target of miR-503. Furthermore, Smurf1 knockdown promoted osteogenesis and antagomir-503 abolished the promotive effect, suggesting that miR-503 mediated osteogenic differentiation via suppressing Smurf1 expression. To sum up, these findings indicated that miR-503 promoted osteogenesis and accelerated bone formation, which may shed light on the development for a potential therapeutic target for bone repair.
All Author(s) ListYuxin Sun, Jia Xu, Liangliang Xu, Jinfang Zhang, Kaiming Chan, Xiaohua Pan, Gang Li
Journal nameScientific Reports
Year2017
Volume Number7
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Pages409
ISSN2045-2322
eISSN2045-2322
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesMultidisciplinary Sciences;Science & Technology - Other Topics

Last updated on 2020-09-07 at 04:24