The Association Between Self-Management Barriers and Self-Efficacy in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The Mediating Role of Appraisal
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AbstractBackground: Patients with higher levels of self-management barriers are more likely to exhibit a lower level of self-efficacy. However, the theoretically meaningful mechanisms underlying the association between the two variables have not yet been established. Aims: Informed by the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping, this study aimed to examine the potential role of diabetes appraisal on the association of self-management barriers and self-efficacy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: This article presents the secondary data analyses of a multicenter, cross-sectional study. A sample of 346 adults with type 2 diabetes was interviewed, using the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire, the Appraisal of Diabetes scale, the Diabetes Empowerment Scale-Short Form, and the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities. Structure equation modeling was performed with 10,000 bootstrap samples using Mplus 7. Results: The hypothesized model provided a good fit to the data (χ2 = 22.975, df = 33; p =.1144; CFI = 0.989; SRMR = 0.036; RMSEA = 0.042). The mediating effect of diabetes appraisal on the association of self-management barriers and self-efficacy was significant (β = -0.521; 95% CI: -0.865, -0.283), explaining 44.82% of the total effect of barriers on self-efficacy. Significant associations were also detected between diet knowledge and diabetes appraisal (β = 0.148, p =.047). Linking Evidence to Action: Diabetes appraisal plays a mediating role in the association between self-management barriers and self-efficacy in patients with type 2 diabetes. Reflecting on patients’ appraisal of diabetes can help to develop evidence-based and patient-centered interventions. Interventions that enhance individuals’ positive appraisal of diabetes have the potential to buffer the negative effects of self-management barriers on self-efficacy.
All Author(s) ListCheng L., Sit J.W.H., Leung D.Y.P., Li X.
Journal nameWorldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing
Volume Number13
Issue Number5
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Pages356 - 362
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsappraisal, decision making, diabetes, knowledge, mediating effect, self-efficacy, self-management barriers

Last updated on 2020-24-11 at 01:17