Automatic Brain Tumor Segmentation from MR Images via a Multimodal Sparse Coding Based Probabilistic Model
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


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AbstractAccurate segmentation of brain tumor from MR image is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of brain cancer. We propose a novel automated brain tumor segmentation method based on a probabilistic model combining sparse coding and Markov random field (MRF). We formulate the brain tumor segmentation task as a pixel-wise labeling problem with regard to three classes: tumor, edema and healthy issue. For each class, dictionary learning is performed independently on multi-modality gray scale patches. Sparse representation is then extracted based on a joint dictionary which is constructed by combing the three independent dictionaries. Finally, we build the probabilistic model aiming to estimate maximum a posterior (MAP) probability by introducing the sparse representation into likelihood probability and prior probability using the Markov random field (MRF) assumption. Compared with traditional methods, which employed hand-crafted low level features to construct the probabilistic model, our model can better represent the characteristics of a pixel and its relation with neighbors based on the sparse coefficients obtained from the learned dictionary. We validated our method on the MICAAI 2012 BRATS challenge brain MRI dataset and achieved comparable or better results compared with state-of the-art methods.
All Author(s) ListLi Y., Dou Q., Yu J., Jia F., Qin J., Heng P.-A.
Name of Conference5th International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in NeuroImaging, PRNI 2015
Start Date of Conference10/06/2015
End Date of Conference12/06/2015
Place of ConferenceStanford
Country/Region of ConferenceUnited States of America
Detailed descriptionorganized by Stanford University,
Year2015
Month9
Day16
Pages41 - 44
ISBN9781467371452
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsbrain tumor segmentation, maximum a posterior, multi-modality, probabilistic model, sparse coding

Last updated on 2020-27-05 at 02:15