Antitussive and central respiratory depressant effects of Stemona tuberosa
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Aims of the study: Stemona alkaloids with distinctly different chemical skeletons are recently reported as the active components in the antitussive herb Baibu derived from the root-tubers of Stemona tuberosa. This study aims to determine if alkaloids of this herb contribute equally to the antitussive functions, act on the same sites of cough reflex, and play any role in inducing central respiratory depressant effects. Materials and methods: Antitussive potency of four major alkaloids was evaluated on guinea pigs with citric acid aerosol to induce cough. The action sites of the alkaloids on cough reflex pathway were tested with electrical stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve in guinea pigs. The central respiratory effects of croomine were also tested on guinea pigs. Results: Croomine, neotuberostemonine and stemoninine showed similar antitussive potency, while tuberostemonine showed much weaker antitussive potency. Neotuberostemonine, tuberostemonine and stemoninine acted on the peripheral cough reflex pathway, while croomine acted on the central part. Croomine also showed obvious central respiratory depressant effects. Conclusions: The four major Stemona alkaloids in Stemona tuberosa do not contribute equally to antitussive potency in guinea pigs. Neotuberostemonine, tuberostemonine and stemoninine target on peripheral cough reflex pathway. Croomine acts on central sites in the cough reflex pathway and demonstrates central respiratory depressant effects, which can partly account for the adverse reactions reported for the herb. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
著者Xu Y.-T., Shaw P.-C., Jiang R.-W., Hon P.-M., Chan Y.-M., But P.P.-H.
期刊名稱Journal of Ethnopharmacology
出版社Elsevier BV
頁次679 - 684
關鍵詞Alkaloids, Antitussive, Central respiratory depressant, Stemona tuberosa

上次更新時間 2021-12-04 於 23:55