Street geometry design and its effect on mean radiant temperature: A parametric study based on numerical modelling
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings

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AbstractThe spatial variation of hotspots, in terms of their locations and magnitude, is examined in the present study, using the Solar and LongWave Environmental Irradiance Geometry (SOLWEIG) model. The effect of street geometry design parameters such as H/W ratios and street orientations on the radiant heat load are analyzed for three European cities with different regional climatic conditions. Various physical configurations of street trees are examined for their corresponding potential in mitigating the radiant heat load within urban structures. Findings suggest that a dense urban structure (H/W ratio ≥ 2) is capable of reducing radiant heat load at street level. High H/W ratios do not only reduce the magnitude of hotspots, but also changes their spatial distribution. The N-S canyons are found to be more favourable than the E-W canyons since they limit sun exposure to several hours at noon, despite of the diminishing difference between two orientations when H/W ratio increases. Diagonal streets reduce the magnitude of hotspots but increase the areas affected by moderately high mean radiant temperature (Tmrt). NE-SW orientated streets exhibits higher average hourly Tmrt during daytime since they are largely sun-exposed at the hottest time of the day. The highest mitigating effect of street trees is found when they are located in the sunlit areas. The reduction in average Tmrt decreases with increasing H/W ratios but considerable mitigating effect is still observed in the NE-SW orientations. It is also observed that larger tree crowns, even with higher spacing between individual trees, provide better shading than closely placed trees with smaller tree crowns. The present study provides information about the locations and magnitude of hotspots in different urban settings as well as the design of street trees as a mitigation measure to radiant heat load. It helps urban planners and designers to better design neighbourhoods in order to improve pedestrian thermal comfort within urban areas.
All Author(s) ListLau KKL, Thorsson S, Lindberg L, Holmer B
Name of Conference9th International Conference on Urban Climate
Start Date of Conference20/07/2015
End Date of Conference24/07/2015
Place of ConferenceToulouse
Country/Region of ConferenceFrance
Proceedings TitleProceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC9)
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2018-22-01 at 21:26